Currently viewing the tag: "Section 21 Notice"
Protesters Call For Ban On Section 21 Notices

Protesters Call For Ban On Section 21 Notices

Protesters Occupy Government Offices
In Call For Ban On Section 21 Notices

Last week campaigners from a tenant group called London Renters occupied the lobby of the Department of Communities and Local Government (DCLG) by bedding down in sleeping bags to protest at retaliatory evictions by private sector landlords and over the apparent insecurity of tenure within the UK’s private rented sector (PRS).

The protest followed a workshop apparently held by the Department of Communities and Local Government covering ways of making it easier for landlords to evict tenants.

The protesters wanted to highlight how being evicted by a private sector landlord has become the leading reason for homelessness in the UK. The campaigners want secure tenancies for all tenants, and in particular an end to ‘no fault’ evictions under section 21.

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Rent paid in advance does not count as a deposit

Court Of Appeal Rules That Rent In Advance Is Not A Deposit

Court Of Appeal Rules That Rent In Advance Is Not A Deposit

The landmark Court of Appeal ruling means that landlords and their appointed letting or property managing agents are not obliged to treat rent paid in advance as a deposit, as that would require protection under the Housing Act 2004.

The Court of Appeal’s decision was made in respect of the long-running case of Johnson v Old, where the tenant was offered a six-month tenancy and was asked for six months’ rent in advance, because she did not have a guaranteed fixed income.

The agreement in the case provided a confusing element as the agreement stated that the rent should be paid monthly in advance, but also said that the rent should be paid six months in advance.

The tenancy was subsequently renewed on the same terms before becoming a periodic tenancy where the rent was paid monthly in advance.

The landlord attempted to gain possession of the property, by serving a Section 21 notice to the tenant, Anne Old.

The tenant countered the Section 21 notice, saying that it could not be legally served because she had paid the rent in advance, which she thought should have been treated as a deposit and therefore protected.

The tenant’s argument was successful at the first court hearing, but was then challenged successfully by the landlord at a second.

The tenant then appealed the judges 2nd decision, and with the help of legal aid, the case then went to the Court of Appeal, which gave its decision in favour of the landlord. 


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Section 8 - Grounds For Eviction

Section 8 – Grounds For Eviction

Taking the professional tenant eviction route may sound expensive to many UK landlords, but it can actually work out to be the cheaper option because professional tenant eviction specialists, like Legal 4 Landlords, know what they’re doing and work fast.

Many landlords try to tackle the eviction process themselves by serving a Section 8, but there a few details that must be 100% accurate and many landlords attempting to evict tenant’s themselves unknowingly serve an invalid notice, consequently delaying the entire eviction process, which ultimately may result in more lost rent for the landlord.

A Section 8 notice to quit, sometimes referred to as a Section 8 possession notice has to be completed and served correctly on the tenant(s) of the rental property, allowing the landlord to seek possession of the rental property from the tenant during the term of the Assured Shorthold Tenancy (AST).

The Section 8 notice needs to show that the tenant has breached the conditions of the tenancy agreement, any term or condition of the tenancy agreement that is seen to have been broken constitutes a breach. The most common type of breach is the non-payment or late payment of rent, however, damage to the property, unsociable conduct, and subletting are also grounds for a possession order.

To make a Section 8 form valid, the landlord must state which grounds the tenant has breached according to Schedule 2 of the Housing Act 1988

All Section 8 forms require the landlord to specify the grounds they are citing as reason for eviction.

These grounds for possession, under Schedule 2 of the Housing Act 1988, fall into 2 main categories and are listed below

  • Mandatory Grounds – this covers Grounds 1 to 8 and if one of these grounds is cited on a Section 8 form the court must grant possession to the landlord.
  • Discretionary Grounds – this covers Grounds 9 to 17 and in these cases the court will only grant possession if it feels it is reasonable to do so.
Ground Short Description
Ground 1 The landlord requires the property in order to use it as their main residence. This ground can only be used if the landlord used the property as their main residence prior to the tenancy beginning.
Ground 2 The mortgage lender on the property has served notice to foreclose. In this case the mortgage in question has to predate the start of the tenancy.
Ground 3 The property was previously used as a holiday let and is required to return to the status of holiday let. For the exact conditions that apply to this Ground please see the Housing Act 1988.
Ground 4 The property is being let by an educational institution and is now required by students of the educational institution. Written notice that this may happen must be served before the tenancy begins.
Ground 5 The property is owned by a religious body and they require possession for a member of their church i.e. a Minister of Religion.
Ground 6 The landlord wants to demolish and reconstruct, or redevelop all or part of the property. The tenant needs to have refused to live in all or part of the property while work is carried out for this ground to be feasible. If granted the landlord is required to pay all reasonable moving costs to the tenant.
Ground 7 The current tenant is a tenant heir and is not named on the original tenancy agreement. The landlord must serve a Section 8 notice within 12 months of the death of the named tenant.
Ground 8 The tenant has failed to pay more than 8 weeks rent in the case of weekly payments, 2 months in the case of monthly payments or 1 quarter in the case of quarterly payments. Ground 8 is often cited in conjunction with Grounds 10 and 11 so that a partial payment by the tenant just prior to the court hearing doesn’t render the possession order obsolete. Note: When claiming possession under this ground, it is advisable to cite more than one ground since, if the tenant pays off part of the arrears shortly before the hearing, this ground can no longer be proved and possession proceedings will have to be abandoned. It is, therefore, common practice to cite more than one ground for rent arrears (i.e. grounds 8, 10 & 11), if applicable, and to also wait until at least two months’ rent (or eight weeks in the case of a weekly tenancy) is unpaid before issuing the Section 8 Notice.
Ground 9 Suitable accommodation of the same type and quality has been offered to the tenant and refused. The landlord is required to pay all reasonable removal costs if possession is granted.
Ground 10 The rent is in arrears but by no more than 8 weeks in the case of weekly payments, 2 months in the case of monthly payments and 1 quarter in the case of quarterly payments.
Ground 11 The tenant is repeatedly late with payments or repeatedly fails to pay their rent until prompted by the landlord.
Ground 12 The tenant has breached any of the terms listed in the tenancy agreement.
Ground 13 The tenant has neglected or damaged the property, or they have sublet the property to another individual who has neglected or damaged the property.
Ground 14 The tenant is considered a nuisance to neighbours or other tenants and has received complaints concerning their conduct.
Ground 15 The furniture listed on the property inventory has been misused, damaged, broken or sold by the tenant or any individual living with them.
Ground 16 The property was let to the tenant as a condition of their employment but the employment has now come to an end.
Ground 17 The property was let on the basis of false information provided by the tenant or one of their referees/ guarantor.
Grounds For Eviction

Grounds For Eviction

How much notice is given in a Section 8?

  • The amount of notice a landlord is required to give differs according to the grounds they are citing on the Section 8 form. Ground 2 for example, requires a minimum of 2 months’ notice but grounds 8, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16 and 17 only require 2 weeks’ notice.

What happens after the Section 8 Notice has been served?

  • All Section 8 forms must clearly state the date on which the notice expires. This is the date that the tenant has to have paid their rent arrears by, or have vacated the property by, and in nearly 80% of cases the tenant leaves or pays before this date arrives.
  • If the tenant refuses, the landlord can start court possession proceedings on the day following the date cited on the Section 8 form.
  • To do this the landlord has to acquire forms N5 and N119 from their local county court and pay the appropriate court fee. This then starts the process of gaining a possession order.

Will a Section 8 guarantee that a possession order will be granted?

  • In simple terms, NO!.
    The likelihood of being granted a possession order is dependent on the Grounds cited on the Section 8 form, and as mentioned earlier some grounds are mandatory while others are discretionary.
  • Grounds 2 and 8 are always granted the order but the circumstances surrounding the other grounds are carefully considered by the court before a decision is made.
  • The evidence of the landlord and any evidence submitted by the tenant is looked at closely and factors such as hardship and extenuating circumstances suffered by the tenant are taken into consideration.
  • If a possession order is granted it normally takes effect within 14 days, but in cases of true hardship on the part of the tenant this can sometime be extended to six weeks.

Tenant eviction can be a bit of a minefield for the uninitiated landlord and the safest and fastest way to evict a tenant is to use a tenant eviction specialist, like Legal 4 Landlords who take care of all the paperwork and appoint trained legal teams to deal with the hassle.

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Legal Update by Legal 4 LandlordsFollowing a recent High Court decision the new defence to a Section 21 Notice is none compliance with The Housing (Tenancy Deposits) (Prescribed Information) Order 2007

The decision in Suurpere-v-Nice (2011) confirms that the prescribed information must be complied with and if this is not done landlords could be subject to sanction when before the Courts

The Sanctions

  • If a possession claim subject to section 21 of the Housing Act 1988 is issued without the information being properly provided and served, the section 21 notice will be invalid and the claim could be struck out.
  • A counter claim can be made, and if the prescribed information has not been provided or if the deposit was not registered, the Court may award 3 times the deposit.
  • Ultimately the deposit protection is the responsibility of the landlord and as managing agents you have a duty to comply with the regulation on behalf of the landlord.

What is “Prescribed Information”?

• The minimum information required by statute that is to be given to the tenant on registration of the deposit. This must be as a separate certificate and signed by the landlord and tenant and not part of the tenancy agreement.

• This must be a certificate and it must be sent to the tenant with the proof that the deposit has been registered together with any information provided by the individual deposit scheme.

Download our Fact Sheet on Deposit Law Issues and Latest Case Law Updates and Clarifications

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